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Glossary of Terms


Acute Service Health care and treatment provided mainly in hospital.
Age Standardised Rates
Age-standardisation adjusts rates to take
into account how many old or young people are in the different populations.
Body Mass Index (BMI) A number obtained by dividing a person’s weight in kilograms by the square of their height in metres.
Brief Interventions A brief intervention is the provision of
information, advice and encouragement
to a person to consider the positive and
negative impact of their behaviour, and
provide help for the person if they decide to consider making changes.
Community Health Partnership
and Community Health and Care
Partnerships, CH(C)Ps
CH(C)Ps are organizations which have
been developed across Scotland to
manage a wide range of community based health services. In some parts
of NHS Greater Glasgow and Clyde
health board (Glasgow City and East
Renfrewshire) these new partnerships will also be responsible for many local social care services and will therefore be called Community Health and Care Partnerships, CH(C)Ps.
Community Planning Partners
A range of partners in the public and
voluntary sectors working together to better plan, resource and deliver quality services that meet the needs of local people.
Datazones Aggregates of unit postcodes and census output areas and nest within Local Authority boundaries. They are the building blocks of the Scottish Neighbourhood Statistics programme which is intended to make available smallarea data of many different kinds across Scotland.
Deprivation Quintiles
Deprivation quintiles divide areas in fifths according to some measure of deprivation, and can be used to analyse variations in health between the most and the least deprived sections of the population regardless of where they live.
Determinants of health
The factors that affect health including
genetic factors, lifestyle, social and
community networks, cultural and
environmental conditions.
Equity in healthcare
Equity in health care means that health
care resources are allocated according to need.
The General Health Questionnaire
(GHQ-12) Score
A measure of current mental health.
Health Inequalities The gap between the healths of different population groups such as the well-off
compared to poorer communities or people with different ethnic backgrounds.
Healthy Working Lives Award
The Healthy Working Lives Award
programme supports employers and
employees to develop health promotion
and safety themes in the workplace in a
practical, logical way, that’s beneficial to all.  Achieving a Healthy Working Lives Award celebrates success.
HEAT targets are a core set of objectives, targets and measures for the NHS. HEAT targets are set for a three year period and progress towards them is measured through Local Delivery Plans.
Needs Assessment A formal process undertaken to assess the health and social care needs of a given population.
Nicotine Replacement Therapy (NRT)
NRT is a way of getting nicotine into the
bloodstream without smoking. It stops,
or reduces, the symptoms of nicotine
withdrawal which can help smokers to stop smoking.
Defined as body mass index over 25
Prevalence Measures the number of cases of a disease or condition in a population at a particular point in time or over a specified time period.
Scottish Living Wage campaign The living wage campaign is based on the basic premise that workers should earn an adequate level of pay that allows them to provide for themselves and their families.
SIMD Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation
(SIMD) identifies small area concentrations of multiple deprivation across all of Scotland in a fair way. It provides a wealth of information to help improve the understanding about the outcomes and circumstances of people living in the most deprived areas in Scotland.
Single Outcome Agreement These are agreements between the
Scottish Government and CH(C)Ps which set out how each will work in the future towards improving outcomes for the local people in a way that reflects local circumstances and priorities, within the context of the Government’s National Outcomes and Purpose.
Triple P Triple P (Positive Parenting Program) is
a system of easy-to-implement, proven
parenting solutions that helps solve current parenting problems and prevents future problems before they arise.
Underweight/Ideal weight Underweight/Ideal weight is a body mass
index below 24.9
Defined by the Department of Work and
Pensions as “people of working age who
are not in formal employment but who
are looking for a job (the unemployed),
together with people of working age who
are neither formally employed nor looking for formal employment (the economically inactive).