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MSK Physiotherapy - Knee

Important Information - Please Read

Please read the following information and then use the links at the bottom of the page if you are looking for further information or exercise.


Important Knee Facts - Please Read

Here is a list of the main problems and concerns that we recommend you get checked out by a health professional before commencing self-management exercises. These are called Red Flags and may indicate a more serious problem that requires medical assessment.

Symptoms That Are Present After Trauma

If your symptoms are caused by a recent traumatic incident (e.g. a fall, football tackle) and you have any of the following symptoms:

  • Extensive swelling and bruising around your knee/ lower leg
  • Severe pain and very limited movement
  • Great difficulty in putting weight through your leg
  • Not able to straighten knee out
  • Joint deformity e.g. kneecap appears in the wrong place

NOTE: If you have an underlying poor bone density (e.g. osteoporosis) smaller amounts of force can cause the problems listed above.

Symptoms Where No Trauma Was Involved

  • Significant loss of movement with or without pain
  • Redness, heat and swelling of the joint or surrounding area.
  • Increasing number of joints that are painful and/or stiff
  • Fever and general feeling unwell at same time as knee pain developed.
  • Constant pain that does not change with rest or activity
  • Significant worsening pain at night with or without night sweats
  • Unexplained weight loss and/ or previous history of cancer
  • Unexplained lumps and bumps that appear or are changing/ growing

NOTE: Special attention should be taken if you have a history of long-term steroid/ immunosuppressive drug use, recent joint replacement, surgery or steroid injection. Rheumatoid arthritis or other joint disease. Recent infection, Intravenous drug use or alcohol misuse.



Last Updated: 09 June 2021