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References and Further Reading

    next page Return to list of contents Waldren, J (1990) Complications of emergency and elective tracheostomy from Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons, 72,218-220. Wood C (1998) Endotracheal suctioning: a literature review.  Intensive and Critical Care Nursing 14(3)124-136 Wood C (1998) Can nurses safely assess the needs for  endotracheal suction in short term ventilated patients instead of using routine techniques? Intensive Critical Care Nursing 14 (4) 170-178   Worthly, I, Holt, A, (1992) Percutaneous tracheostomy.Intensive Care World 9(4) 187-192 W Van Heurn, ELW, Goei, R, DePloeg, I., Ramsey G, Brink PRG (1996) Late complications of percutaneous dilational tracheostomy. Clincical Investigations in Critical Care. Chest 110 (6), 1572-1576 V UKRC (2005). Advanced life support. Course Manual U SAN(SC)01/36: 03 OCT 2001: Cuffed endotracheal and cuffed tracheostomy tubes: inappropriate combination with other breathing system components Soni N (1997) Percutaneous tracheostomy technique. British Journal of Hospital Medicine. 57,339-345 St Georges Healthcare NHS Trust 2000 Guidelines for the care of patients with tracheostmy tubes. London Smith- Medical Ltd. S Regan M (1988) Trachea mucosal injury – the nurses role. Nursing 29: 1064-1066 Rogge, JA, Bunde, L, Baun, MN (1989) Effectiveness of oxygen concentrations of less than 100% before and after endotracheal suction in patients with chronic pulmonary disease. Heart and Lung 18(1) 64-71 Rossan, M, Hillard EK (1962) The effects of negative pressure during tracheal and bronchial suctioning.  Anaesthesia in Malaysia 41, 50-57 Rudra (2002) Percutaneous Tracheostomy . Update in Anaesthesia15 (16)  Russel c2005, Providing the nurse with a guide to tracheostomy care and management. Br Journal of Nursing 14(8)428 R Pritchard, AP, Mallett, J (Editors) (1994) Tracheostomy Care, the Royal Marsden Manual of Clinical and Nursing Procedures. 3rd Edition. Blackwell Scientific Publications.  London. Passy Muir Inc.1989 Tracheostomy & Ventilator speaking valves. Irvine USA;Passy Muir Inc. P Odell, A, Alder, A, Bain, R et al (1993) Endotracheal suction for adult, non head injured patients. A review of the literature. Intensive and Critical Care Nursing. 9: 274-278 O NPSA 2005. Protecting patients who are neck breathers - Patient safety information Safety Agency. NMPDU (2007). Best Practice Statement, Caring for thepatient with Tracheostomy N Manara, A (1994) Percutaneous tracheostomy. Current Anaesthesia and Critical Care. 5,41-46 M Law, RC, Carney, AR, Manara, AR (1997) Long term outcome after percutaneous dilational tracheostomy.  Anaesthesia, 52, 51-56.   Laws-Chapman, C (1998) Tracheostomy tube management.  Care of the Critically Ill July 1998 vol 14.5.    Lewis, RJ (1992) Tracheostomies: Indications, timing and complications. Clinics in Chest Medicine. 13(1), 137-147. L King, D. Shlugman, R. Satya-Krishna, L. Loh (2003).  Preventing bleeding complications in percutaneous tracheostomy—another role for portable ultrasound in intensive care. Br. J. Anaesthesia. 91: 607-608   K Joynt, G, Lipman J (1994) The use of heat moisture exchangers in critically ill patients. Care of the Critically Ill, Nov/Dec 1994, vol 10 (6) 271-274 J ICS (2000).  Level of Critical Care for Adult Patients, ICS I Hazard P, Jones C, Bentinone J. (1991). Comparative clinical trial of standard operative tracheostomy with percutaneous tracheostomy. Critical Care Medicine; 19 :1018-24   Hill BB, Zweng TN, Maley RH et al (1996). Percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy : report of 356 cases. Journal of Trauma; 40 :238-43   Hooper M (1996) Nursing care of the patient with a tracheostomy. Nusing Standard, 10 (34), 40-43   Hough, A (1996) Physiotherapy in respiratory care. Second Ed, Chapman and Hall 232   H Glass, CA, Grap MJ (1995) Ten tips for safer suctioning.  Advanced Jounal of Nursing. May 95 (5) No 51-53   Gray JE, McIntyre NR, Kronenberger WG. Effects of bolus of normal saline instillation in conjunction with endotracheal suctioning. Respiratory Care, 1990; 35: 785-90    G Fluck RR. (1985) Suctioning - Intermittent or continuous? Respiratory Care.;30:837-8.   Freeman BD, Isabella K, Lin N and Buchman TG (2000). A meta-analysis of prospective trials comparing percutaneous and surgical tracheostomy in critically ill patients. Chest 118: 1412-8   Fornataro-Clerici, L, Zajac, D (1993) Aerodynamic characteristics of trachestomy speaking valves. Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 36, 529-532.   F EEC Directive-class 2A rule 7 1993. Council directive concerning medical devices 93/42 EEC E Davis NJ (1990) Endotracheal intubation and tracheostomy.  Intensive Care Manual Ch 12, Butterworth   Dikeman, K.J. & Kazandjian, M.S. 1995 Communication &swallowing management of tracheostomised and ventilator dependant adults.   Douglas WE, Flabouris A. (1999) Surgical emphysema following percutaneous tracheostomy Anaesthesia and Intensive Care 27 (1)   D Cameron, JL, Renolds, J, Zuidema, GD (1973) Aspiration of patients with tracheostomies. Surgical Gynaecological Obstetrics. 136, 68-70   Carroll, P, (1994) Safe suctioning. Registered Nurse 57(5) 32-36   Casey, D (1989) Tracheostomy – open-airways. Nursing Standard 3, 19-20   Clarke, L (1995) A critical event in tracheostomy care.  British Journal of Nursing. 4(12), 676-681   Control of Infection Committee NHS GG (2004) Standard Precautions. ICP Manual 18   Cooper RM. (1998). Use and safety of percutaneous tracheostomy in Intensive Care. Report of a postal study of ICU practice. Anaesthesia; 53: 1209-12   C Becker Weilitz P, Dettenmeire PA (1994) Back to basics: test your knowledge of tracheostomy tubes.  American Journal of Nursing, 94(2, 46-50)   Blackwood B.(1999) Normal saline instillation with endotracheal suctioning: primum non nocere (first do no harm). J Adv Nurs.;29:928-934.   Bone, DK, Davis JL, Zuidema, GD, Cameron, JL. (1974).  Aspiration pneumonia: prevention of aspiration in patients with tracheostomies. Annuals of thoracic surgery. 18,30-37   Brurmer, LS, Suddath, DS. (1991). Lippencott Manual of Medical – Surgery Nursing. 2nd edition (adapted for UK).  151-152. Harper and Row London.   B AARC (1993) Clinical Practice Guideline. Endotracheal Suctioning of mechanically Ventilated Adults and Children with Artificial Airways, Respiratory Care 38:500-504   Ackerman MH (1993) The effect of saline lavage prior to suctioning. American Journal of Critical Care: Nov 2;326-330   Adam S Osborne,S (1997) Endotracheal Intubation and tracheostomy. Critical Care Nursing: 1st Edition. Oxford Medical Publications   Ashurst S (1992) Suction therapy in the critically ill patient.  British Journal of Nursing: 1 (10) 485-489   Ashworth P, Kegan C (1985)Interpersonal skills in nursing research and applications. Ch 10. Croom Helm London   A References and Further Reading

Last Updated: 06 February 2015