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Hints to communicate

12 hints to help you communicate with someone who has dementia:

  1. Be calm and patient 
  2. Face the person, speak clearly and slowly
  3. Make sure that you have their attention by gently touching their arm and saying their name
  4. Use short, simple sentences and say exactly what you mean
  5. Try to get one idea across at a time
  6. Allow plenty of time for the person to take in what you say and to reply
  7.  Try not to confuse or embarrass the person by correcting them bluntly
  8.  Use questions which ask for a simple answer
  9.  Don't ask questions which test their memory, eg 'who am I?' or 'what did you do yesterday?’
  10. Talk about familiar people, places and ideas
  11. Use the names of the people you are talking about instead of 'he' or 'she'. It will remind the person of who you are talking about
  12. Use facial expressions and hand gestures to make yourself understood