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March 10, 2005 4:04 PM

A Glasgow woman in her early 30s is being treated for Tuberculosis (TB).

Dr Syed Ahmed, Consultant in Public Health Medicine for NHS Greater Glasgow, said: "This is an isolated case and not an outbreak. In keeping with national guidance close contacts are being interviewed and screened where appropriate."

There are around 200 cases of TB in the Greater Glasgow area every year and some 400 cases nationally across Scotland.

Close contacts of the woman, who is being treated at home, will be screened depending on the length and type of contact they have had with her.

Close contacts are defined as those who spend around 3-4 hours a day with someone with TB most day's of the week.



What is Tuberculosis (TB)?

TB is an infection caused by a germ, which usually affects the lungs but can also develop in other parts of the body, such as the kidney or glands.  It is not a common disease but if it is not discovered and treated, then it can be serious.

What is Pulmonary TB?

This is the form of TB that primarily affects the lungs and can be contagious.

How do you catch it?

You may catch TB if you are in prolonged contact with someone who is coughing up TB germs. You would need to have close prolonged contact with the person to become infected. Although prolonged contact does not necessarily indicate that you have contracted the infection.

You cannot contract TB by sharing the same dishes and household items and you cannot carry the TB germ back to your own family if you yourself have had contact with a TB case and have no symptoms.

It is possible for someone to contract TB and not show symptoms for one or two years after exposure. These people can test negative on screening, but go on to later develop symptoms.

What are the symptoms?

  • Prolonged cough -dry or with a spit
  • Weight loss
  • Loss of appetite
  • High temperature or excessive sweating particularly at night and lasting for two weeks or more
  • Coughing up blood or dirty spit
  • Chest tightness or pain

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Last Updated: 06 February 2015