The mental health problems facing asylum seekers and refugees may be divided into 4 overlapping groups.
1. Problems arising from displacement
- Cultural Bereavement
- Unmet expectations about life in the UK
- Changing roles in the family / clash of values
- Racism in their new neighbourhood
- Range of mental health issues arising from the asylum-seeking process / destitution / early morning removals / forced removal & detention.
4. Mental Health Problems arising from asylum process
- Witnessing and / or being the victim of torture, rape or other serious atrocities in their home country
- Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
- Depression following traumatic bereavements
3. Mental Health Problems stemming from trauma
- May have existed prior to their move to U.K or precipitated by the move
- Depressive illness 35-42%
- Developmental disorders e.g. autism
2. Major Mental Health Problems or Developmental Problems