A person is recognised as a refugee when the governments of the new country decides that they meet the definition of a refugee under the 1951 United Nations (UN) Convention relating to the status of refugees.Refugee status:
The 1951 United Nations Convention relating to the status of refugees.
The UK is a signatory to the 1951 UN convention relating to the status of refugees. This requires the government to offer refuge to a person who:
‘……owing to a well founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion is outside the country of his nationality and is unable, or owing to such fear, is unwilling to avail himself of the protection of that country; or who, not having a nationality and being outside the country of his former habitual residence as a result of such events, is unable or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to return to it’
The convention also requires signatories to make social welfare available to those who are recognised as refugees on the same basis as its own citizens.
Asylum seekers are people who are seeking refugee status. Asylum seekers have the following entitlements:Asylum seekers:
Asylum seekers are:
A new an executive agency of the Home Office which takes over the responsibilities of the Immigration and Nationality Directorate (IND) for managing immigration control in the UK.
BIA (Border and Immigration Agency)
Part of the BIA, provides support, (which can be accommodation and subsistence, accommodation only or subsistence only) while applications are being considered, to asylum seekers who would otherwise be destitute. NASS does not consider any asylum applications.
NASS (National Asylum Support Service)
Leads and coordinates international action to protect refugees and resolve refugee issues worldwide.
UNHCR (United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees - aka United Nations Refugee Agency)
An international, intergovernmental organisation which works to manage migration worldwide. Glasgow Office: 0141 548 8116.
IOM (International Office of Migration)
An independent charity dedicated to providing advice, information and assistance to asylum seekers and refugees living in Scotland. They also provide specialist services in housing and welfare, education and employment, family reunion, women's issues, community development, the media and the arts.
SRC (Scottish Refugee Council)
The multi-agency team set up to meet the accommodation and housing support needs of asylum seekers in Glasgow.GASSP (Glasgow Asylum Seekers Support Project)
Detailed information on asylum legislation can be found at the following links: