Causes

There are a number of reasons why a child may have a hearing problem, including temporary hearing loss from a common illness such as a cold.

Causes of Hearing Problems In Babies And Children

There are a number of reasons why a child may have a hearing problem, including temporary hearing loss from a common illness such as a cold.

Some possible causes of hearing loss that may be detected during routine tests include:

  • Glue ear– a build-up of fluid in the middle ear, which is common in young children.
  • Infections that develop in the womb or at birth, such as rubella or cytomegalovirus, which can cause progressive hearing loss.
  • Inherited conditions, such as otosclerosis, which stop the ears or nerves from working properly.
  • Damage to the cochlear or auditory nerves (which transmit hearing signals to the brain); this could be caused by a severe head injury, exposure to loud noise or head surgery, for example.
  • Being starved of oxygen at birth (birth asphyxia).
  • Illnesses such as meningitis and encephalitis (which both involve swelling in the brain).