People with LD are at higher risk for fall-related injuries at a younger age and for much longer in their life.
This is due to accelerated physiological, degenerative aging process occurring earlier in life, increasing the likelihood that they will fall and require closer supervision and assistance at a younger age.
It is therefore significant to determine falls risk early in individuals with LD and provide a suitable fall prevention programme.
The common risk factors are :
1. History of falls
2. Muscle Weakness
3. Gait deficit
4. Impaired balance
5. Use of an assistive device
6. Visual Deficit/ hearing problems
7. Foot problems
8. Dizziness with position change
9. Sleep disturbances
However, some unique risk factors such as seizures, history of challenging behaviour and use of antipsychotic medications increase the risk of injuries from falls.